Popular Water Pond Plants-Bring Vitality To Your Garden Pond


garden-pondMany people like to build a pond in their yard to bring some natural touch to the garden. Like as other landscapes, we need to take some efforts to decorate the pond, such as placing some river stones/pebbles in and around the pond, hiding the traces of artificial construction.

While, the pond will look lifeless if only decorated with stones. It is better that we can plant some aquatic plants according to the location and depth of the garden pond. Here we will show you some popular water pond plants, hope will help you decorate and bring vitality to your garden pond.

The pond areas can be classified as below based on its depth and water conditions:

Deep Water Area

Shallow Water Area

Marginal Wetlands

Deep Water Area

-Submerged Aquatic Plants

The deep water area can be planted with some submerged aquatic plants. The plants’ roots, included the body, are totally submerged in the water.

Submerged aquatic plants play a major role in purifying the water in pond. They grow completely in water, absorb and decompose nutrients in the pond. The submerged aquatic plants serve as “oxygenerator” in the pond as well, carrying out photosynthesis, and releasing oxygen. In addition, the submerged plants are natural shelters for other organisms or fishes in the pond. Their young shoots can feed them as well.

The typical representatives of the submerged aquatic plants are Washington grass and Vallisneria Americana, which are essential for water filtration.

Shallow Water Area

-Emergent Aquatic Plants/ Floating Leaf Plants/ Floating Pond Plants

Emergent Aquatic Plants. Their roots grow in the bottom soil of the pond, while the leaves rise higher above the water surface.

Their delicate lines and florid colors are very nice and easy to form beautiful reflections on the water surface, which will add some sense of stereo and deep to your pond. The typical representatives are Lotus and Cat’s-Tail.


Floating Leaf Plants. Their roots are embedded into the bottom soil of the pond, the stems grow in water, while the leaves and their flowers float on the water. The good representatives are Water Lily and Victoria Amazonian. Their floating flowers or leaves are also natural shelters for the organisms in water.


Floating Pond Plants. The roots of the floating plants does not grow in the pond soil. The plants float on the water surface and drift around. They can inhibit the growth of algae in the water as the floating plants tend to intake the minerals and other nutrients in the pond, and will shield the sunlight that shine into the water as well. The representatives are Water Hyacinth and Common Duckweed.


The floating plants grow rapidly and can provide shelters for the water fast. However, some varieties grow and proliferate particularly quickly, and may become invasive in the water, such as water hyacinth. So we have to use the net to get some plants out of the pond regularly. Otherwise, they will cover the entire surface of the water. In addition, it is not recommended introducing such plants into large ponds, as it would be very difficult to remove them from large ponds.

Marginal Wetlands

-Moisture Loving Plants

Wetlands refer to the areas around the pond where the soil is moist and hydrated. In this area, moisture loving plants that with strongly developed roots and do not require frequent care can be planted to conserve the pond’s water and soil. Such as Flagleaf and Water Plantain etc.



Water pond plants are indispensable for pond decoration. They can make the pond look more natural and most importantly, the plant is a very important part of the pond’s ecology.

Submerged aquatic plants can absorb and decompose nutrients in the pond, carrying out photosynthesis, and releasing oxygen for organisms in pond.

Emergent aquatic plants/ floating leaf plants/ and floating pond plants are very nice and can prettify the garden’s landscape. They also play an important role in restoring the water body. In addition, they are natural shelters for the organism in the pond.

While the moisture loving plants can help to conserve the pond’s water and soil.

Plant different aquatic plants according to the location and depth of your pond, you will build a multi-level ecology and landscape and bring more vitality to your garden.


6 thoughts on “Popular Water Pond Plants-Bring Vitality To Your Garden Pond

  1. One thing I cherish in my compound is the artificial pond that I created. It is something that I am really proud of and I make sure that I maintain it on a regular basis. It was so well made that very few people would realize that it is an artificial pond. I most definitely included pebbles around the pond.
    One of the submerged aquatic plants that I planted is the red ludwigia. One of the reasons I like it is how fast it grows when it is exposed to enough light.
    I also included some floating leaf plants with the water lily being my preferred choice.

    1. Hi Jay, that is really awesome!

      It is indeed that carry regular maintenance on the pond is quite necessary to avoid water entrophic. It takes consistent efforts and time. But it worth it, right?

      Thanks for sharing you ideas about your pond decorating. Red ludwigia is an excellent submerged aquatic plants, with red leaves, looks great under the water!

  2. Great article, how would you categorise and take care of Lotus flower in a pond, if possible?. I have always wanted to put in Lotus flower or two, being Buddhist and representative of that.

    Thank you kindly in advance.

    (Derek WA!)

    1. Thank you for checking, Mr Derek!
      There are a wide range of Lotus species around the world. But concerning the care, it will be much common. Here are a few quick tips for your reference:
      1: The cultivated soil for Lotus should be clean and nutrient-rich, and must not use any polluted soil.
      2: Need a good amount of sun, around six hours during the day. Ir can promote more flower buds to grow. Don’t put it in a dark environment, it is easy to make the flowering period shorter or not flowering at all.
      3: Need compost. But try not to apply too much rich compost to the Lotus at a time. Thin fertilizer and apply to it regularly.
      Here are some simple tips and i will illustrate in more details in future posts.
      Lotus is one of the aquatic plants that i like most as well. Welcome back to check my new posts. Thanks!

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