A Guide To Grow Wine Grape Bonsai-Create Intriguing Fruit Bonsai
Wine grape is a woody vine plant. Mature grapevine gets twisty while robust trunk, with its vines climbing around.
Its lush green leaves, crystal clear fruits and partially exposed strong roots possess extremely high ornamental value, attracting many bonsai lovers to cultivate the wine grapevine as a bonsai.
Here we will walk you through the processes of growing wine grape bonsai. Hopefully will be helpful to create a distinctive and artistic bonsai tree of your own.
Choose The Wine Grape Bonsai Tree
Choosing a good wine grape bonsai tree counts for a lot concerning cultivating an awesome bonsai.
Most grapevines sold on the market are grown by cuttage. While trees bred by this technique can still grow healthily, its trunk will be thin and may take many years for the truck to get thicker.
To cultivate an intriguing bonsai with great visual value, making sure that the plant’s trunk is strong. Otherwise, it will look more like a shrubby plant, instead of a vigorous tree.
So it is advisable to look for an older wine grapevine before taking up bonsai making.
Grapevine is not a plant with extremely long life expectancy.
The oldest living grapevine still producing fruits in record is the one grow in Maribor, a city of Slovenia. This grapevine, listed in Guinness Book of Records, is more than 400 years old and is famous around the world.
Normally, a grapevine produce fruits for about 40 years, and its yield will become very low after then.
The vineyard, which plant wine grapevines in large scale, will often eliminate the old trees and replace them with young and vigorous ones.
If you are fortunate with grape cultivating yard locating near you, reach out to it and there is quite big odds that you will select a stunning wine grapevine with extremely low cost.
If not, you can go to local nurseries to find the older vines.
Pre-trim The Wine Grape Bonsai Tree
Grapevine gets strongly developed roots. It is not necessary to bring it home with soil on its roots.
Trim its main root if necessary to make the tree well fit into the planting container and keep as more lateral roots as possible to ensure its vitality for future growing.
Cut off the excessive branches and leaves on the tree to make it looks delicate, clean for better shaping afterwards.
If the grapevine is weak when you bring it home, it is recommended to grow it in ground directly or in big pot for a few months to keep it alive before transplanting it into the bonsai tray.
The adaptation range of wine grape to soil chemistry is relatively wide.
It can grow well in soil with pH value ranging between: 5.8-8.2, among which slightly acidic to slightly alkaline soil (with pH value between 6.5-7.5) will be optimum.
Generally, loam soil (blend of sandy soil, silt soil and clay soil in proportion roughly 6:1:3) is the best soil to accommodate your wine grape bonsai tree. This soil retains the nutrients and water well, while will drain away the excessive water as well.
Shaping The Wine Grape Bonsai
Concerning shaping, actually it is all up to your personal taste. A great bonsai is the one that you enjoy.
Most popular shaping designs are the slanted-trunk and lying-trunk. Twine the wine grape tree’s trunk and branches with copper or steel wires and gently bend them in the direction that you prefer.
Trim the leaves and branches to make the bonsai look exquisite and prevent the over spreading of vines. After the grapevine yielding, it is advisable to only keep 2 or 3 bunches fruits on it so the overall proportion of the bonsai will not look too cumbersome.
It is not necessary to water the wine grapevine every day. But make sure the soil is totally drenched when watering and the excessive water is well discharged. Watering could be carried again when the potting soil’s top layer is in dry condition.
Grapevine needs rich nitrogen during its growing period. If there is fertilizer deficiency, the growth of the tree will be weak and it will be difficult to yield and fruits tend to easily fall even it does.
The fertilizer should be dominated with nitrogen manure in spring season when grapevine starts to sprout to boost the development of its leaves and stems.
It is preferable to apply 3-5 grams compound fertilizer into the potting soil before the grapevine blossoms (blossom period falls on around late spring and early summer).
Fertilizing could be carried every half month.
While focus more on phosphorus and potassium fertilizers, which will promote wine grape’s flowering, fruit bearing and toughen its branches as well, before and after the tree blossom.
It is suggested to apply fertilizer again before the winter comes. And the fertilizer should be composed mainly by phosphorus and potassium fertilizers, which will enhance the wine grape bonsai tree’s’s cold resistance.
Grapevine is a sun-loving plant.
Sunlight plays a significant role in grape’s growth, yield and fruits’quality. Lacking of sunlight will lead to weak branches, withered leaves and flower bud abscission.
Make the wine grape bonsai bath as much sunlight as possible. In the case you set the bonsai indoors, it is preferable to put it in the corner where sunlight can flood in and make sure bring it outdoors regularly to enjoy the sunshine.
But be wary of the intense direct sunlight during the scorching summer, which might sunburn the grapevine’s leaves.
Climate And Temperature
Grapes generally prefers a relatively dry and hot climate, with optimum growing temperature ranging from 60-105˚ F (15-40˚C).
Grapevine can make through well the winter unless the weather is brutally cold. Bring the wine grape bonsai indoors in case the temperature is lower than about -5℃(23℉) to prevent frozen injury to its stems and roots.
Ideally, the indoor temperature catering to grapevine should be controlled between 0-5℃(32-41℉). Temperature higher than that will tend to break the tree’s dormancy and induce the tree to sprout prematurely.
Theoretically, all trees can be created as bonsai.
Lots of people have heard of bonsai, but many of them do not realize that they can grow miniature bonsai that bear fruits as well.
Creating a favorable cultivating environment similar to the ones that its regular size counterpart enjoy will achieve half success concerning growing bonsai tree.
Wine grapevine will be a very ideal plant to be made as bonsai. It gets robust roots and old while vigorous stems, reminiscent of the aged tree that we see in the old forest.
With crystal fruits dotting amid the flourishing green leaves, this huge contrast will make the wine grape bonsai a gorgeous addition to your living space and lend you endless enjoyment.